Santa Bárbara church was originally the site of a Roman temple, upon which a Mudejar temple was constructed. Some elements from the latter construction can still be observed. It was the first church to adopt the neoclassical style in Andalusia and was designed by the Cordoban architect Ignacio Tomás. Making use of the Roman granite column shafts, he erected the original portals, which represent an unusual and rare classicism, uncommon in this area.
The tower dates back to the fifteenth century and was erected over an ancient Moorish keep. It adjoins to the foot of the nave’s Gospel side next to the main façade and has remarkable brickwork. The square tower shaft houses a chapel.