The first reference to this church, located in the highest part of the town, dates back to the 13th century. It is thought that it may have been the site of a mosque, given its location, importance in the town and due to references made in documents from that period. Its floor plan consists of three naves, with no crossing, separated by ogival arches, sat on Gothic pillars, typical of 16th century Cordoban architecture. From the outside, there are two doors, named the Angel and the Forgiveness. The first was named as such due to the monument to San Rafael, which is in front of it. It is remarkable due to its convex and concave grid on the jambs and lintel, typical of Cordoban architecture. The other door (Forgiveness) is plateresque in style from the end of the 17th century. One of the most prized and well-preserved pieces of art in the church is the large railing that used to enclose the main altar before it was restored in 2003. It is plateresque in style, from the mid 16th century, given its crenellation, embossed friezes and the way the elements are distributed. It is typical of the Andalusian railings that followed the canons of the master Bartolomé de Jaén. It is undoubtedly one of the most important railings in the province of Córdoba and is the same height as those in the most renowned cathedrals. Another of the most valued artistic gems that we can admire in this church is the 18th century monstrance, in embossed silver and gold, and the icon of Virgen de la Antigua, Gothic in style and sculpted in stone.
C/ Cortijo el Ángel, 13, Baena