Cabra’s Aguilar y Eslava foundation originates from 1679 when it founded an educational centre through testamentary clause. It was called the Royal College of the Immaculate Conception, which became one of the first high schools in Spain in 1847. Throughout its 300-year existence, it has gained an estimable historical, artistic, documental and sentimental legacy, which has allowed the institution to survive and create a museum that forms part of the Andalusian ministry of culture’s network of museums.
Within its grounds (a 17th century palace) you can visit:
1-. Natural history museum The museum underwent evolved greatly in 1917 with the arrival of professor Juan Carandell y Pericay. It then became an important research centre and entered into the Royal Spanish Natural History Society. The museum houses whale jaws, elephant tusks, eagles, a varied collection of mammals, birds, reptiles and dissected fish, plant collections, a two-headed sheep, as well as extensive studies on mineralogy, agriculture, entomology, zoology and botanicals. It is therefore an interesting place to visit given its historical and scientific value.
2.- Artistic and documentary room An interesting sample of religious artwork and academic transcripts from historical public figures *”Aguilar y Esclava” school* Visit the school’s 17th century installations such as the library or the teachers’ room.
3.- Museum of the Passion This area is dedicated to items related to the passion of Christ and studies associated with the Shroud of Turin and other Christian relics. It includes the full scale reproduction of a 1st century Paleochristian tomb. More information on the Museum of the Passion.